African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus); two subspecies
Congo: larger body, light-grey coloration, all-black beak, and bright red tail feathers
Timneh: smaller body, darker-grey coloration, flesh-colored top half of beak, and dark maroon tail feathers
Weight: 330-500 gm
Young birds have dark grey irises that turn pale yellow at 1 year of age
Sexual maturity: 4-6 years
Avg. life span: 25-30 years
Maximum recorded life span: 50+ years
Enclosures should be as large as possible, such that the bird is able to fully extend it’s wings and flap without touching the cage walls
Cage should be clean, secure, safe and constructed of durable, non-toxic materials
Perches should be of variable widths, heights, and textures. Also provide a concrete perch to help to maintain the toenails.
Avoid placing perches directly over food or water to prevent contamination
Access to natural light is preferred, and supplemental UV light may be recommended to treat or prevent feather picking or hypocalcemia.
Avoid drafty areas.
Parrots should stay in their cage or a “bird safe” room when they are not under direct supervision.
Birds with unrestricted access to the home are at risk for accidents such as toxin ingestion, electrocution, pet attacks, and drowning.
Physical examinations every 6-12 months
Consult a veterinarian with experience in avian medicine if you have any questions or concerns about your bird’s health.
Annual fecal examination for parasites, yeast, and bacteria
Vaccination for Polyomavirus, as directed by your veterinarian
Routine blood testing
Wing, nail trimming as needed
Common Medical Disorders
Behavioral problems (e.g. feather picking, fearfulness, aggression)
Circovirus (PBFD virus)
Nasal blockages (bacterial, fungal, secondary to malnutrition)
Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD)